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Conservation is the practice of protecting wild plant and animal species and their habitats. The goal of wildlife conservation is to ensure that nature will be around for future generations to enjoy and also to recognize the importance of wildlife and wilderness for humans and other species alike.
- Wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins.
- India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species.
- Home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian, 6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species.
- Tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India, coniferous forest of the Himalaya.Dry deciduous forest of central and southern India.
Threats to wildlife
- HABITAT LOSS
- INDISCRIMINATE HUNTING
- INTRODUCTION TO EXOTIC SPECIES
Reasons for wildlife conservation
- Wildlife is an essential component of various food chains, food webs, biogeochemical cycles and energy flow through various tropic levels.
- Preserves vitality and health of environment and provides stability to various ecosystems.
- It also helps in the preservation of the genetic diversity of plants and animals for better growth of species and breeding.